Types of Insoles and Appropriate Footwear According to the Problem of Your Feet

There is a multitude of diseases and problems that can affect your feet. For many of them, the solution consists of adapting an orthopedic insole to your footwear, specifically designed for your ailment and adapts perfectly to your best shoes for high arches.

If you have any type of foot problem or disease, the first option we recommend is to go to a chiropodist to do a study and determine as specifically as possible what the problem is.

Only in this way can you make a correct orthopedic template, which helps you with your ailment and does not harm you, since not all the templates serve for the same type of problem.

In order to treat your ailment, it is equally important to know which insole is best for you how to find suitable footwear for this type of insole, as a generic insole in a conventional shoe may cause the aggravation of our illness.

For this reason, we are going to offer you some recommendations on the appropriate insole according to your problem and the footwear you should purchase for this type of insole. But remember, the first step is always to go to the podiatrist.


Orthopedic insoles are designed to adapt perfectly to the type of problem of any foot. They are made with high-quality materials that are capable of absorbing impacts and adapting to factors such as weight or the activity carried out.


The flat foot is characterized by the absence of arch or plantar vault, the pressure when walking is exerted especially on the entire foot and a completely flat footprint is produced. This medical condition can cause inflammation in the side of the foot, pain and calluses in the area and even affect joints such as knees, hips and spine.

What kind of template do I need?

For the treatment of this medical condition it is necessary to use insoles to create compensation in the tread and reproduce the normal shape of the foot, with a bulge in the affected area to simulate the correct structure of the sole of the foot and perform the functions of the arc. The use of an orthopedic insole will prevent pain in the affected joints, such as ankles, knees and hips, contractures and backaches.

What footwear is more appropriate?

Choose footwear with a wide toe, which allows you to properly accommodate your fingers, with a good fit and a rigid last to avoid foot swaying. The sole should be uniform and not narrow in the arch area.


A bunion is caused by the deformation of the first phalanx of the big toe, causing a deflection of the toe and riding on the adjacent toe. The most affected individuals are usually women due to the excessive use of shoes with high and narrow heels in the toe.

What type of insole do I need?

If the development of the bunion is not very advanced, a sole pad can be used that improves the support and biomechanics of the foot. With an insole we achieve a more padded foot support, so the impact will be less. They allow the foot to stay in place and not slip, preventing it from putting pressure on the toes. It may also be advisable to use toe separators or bunion protectors to avoid friction and prevent irritation of the affected area.

Which footwear is more appropriate?

Use a comfortable and wide footwear, that is not of thin toe, since this will provoke even more that the big toe is mounted on the adjacent toe, with flexible soles, preferably of leather. Avoid using heels, as with this type of footwear all your body weight will be concentrated on the affected area.


Metatarsalgia is a loss of volume in the area that covers the metatarsal bones, which are the bones that allow the articulation of the toes, so the impact against the ground is stronger and painful. The symptoms are inflammation of the area and tingling sensation.

The female heel footwear is the main cause of metatarsalgias, because all the weight of the body falls on the area of the metatarsals.

What type of template do I need?

In order to avoid the symptoms of metatarsalgia, it is advisable to use templates that cushion the steps and the weight of the body. The insole ensures that the weight is distributed evenly throughout the foot, avoiding the impact on the damaged area and thus facilitating daily activity. Half insoles are recommended, specially designed to alleviate the weight load on the forefoot area. Another complement that may benefit you is a metatarsal heart, specifically designed for this type of problem, whose placement in the exact place of the ailment will make you notice an immediate relief in the footfall.

Which footwear is more appropriate?

Wear footwear that provides stability so that your body weight does not fall only on the affected area, including rigid buttresses to hold the foot well, as they are beneficial on the cushioning of impacts.

A sole with a good base and great cushioning power is also highly recommended.


Plantar fasciitis consists of inflammation of the plantar fascia, a tissue that is located on the back of the foot, which causes constant pain in the heel. When this disease is suffered, it is convenient to carry out a study of the tread and create a personalized template.

What kind of template do I need?

One of the most frequent causes of plantar fasciitis is the incorrect support of the foot, hence the importance of the insoles. In the first stage of the ailment, it is possible to obtain good results with heel pads that cushion the impact of the heel when walking. With the heel lift, the tension of the plantar fascia is relieved and the pain can be calmed.

The insoles that cover the entire foot help correct support. They add a complete cushioning on the entire foot, which rests correctly and does not stretch the tendons. The insoles should be soft and with heel cushioning, bulging in the metatarsal is recommended to absorb impacts.

What footwear is more appropriate?

We recommend shoes with a lot of support so that the heels do not move or deform, in which case they would be counterproductive. With a sole of great cushioning power and continuous surface, without breakage in the heel to ensure more uniform support.

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